ERIC Number: ED041057
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Mar
Reference Count: 0
The Black and White of Educational Research.
Miller, LaMar P.; Sommerfeld, Donald A.
This paper focuses on the use of the variable race in educational research. Researchers are clearly considered to have the right to choose their variables. But, the use of race in a nonscholarly fashion is held to be professionally inadequate and often detrimental to black Americans. For years, researchers using race to make comparison s between black and white Americans have reportedly based their findings on differences in group means, implying that racial groups are quite different. The example presented in this study uses data on the employment status, arithmetic grade level, and various measures of intelligence (the latter two presented as pre- and post-training measures) collected at the Muskegon Area Skill Training Center. It is contended that one methodology (comparison of differences between means) demonstrated that a group of white youth and a group of black youth were quite different, while a second methodology (cluster analysis) using the same data on the same youth groups showed that the white group and the black group were quite similar. Following these results, the obligations and responsibilities of researchers are considered to have added significance, especially in view of the current trend toward a divided America. (RJ)
Descriptors: Analysis of Variance, Black Students, Cluster Grouping, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Diagnosis, Educational Research, Intelligence Differences, Intelligence Tests, Psychological Testing, Racial Differences, Research Methodology, Research Problems, Research Utilization, Statistical Analysis, White Students
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Revised version of a paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Minneapolis, Minn., March 1970