ERIC Number: ED040950
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Mar
Reference Count: 0
On Congruence and Dissonance in the Perceptions of Negro Teacher Trainees.
Pace, Walter T.
A study was conducted to analyze the personal needs and college press profiles of Negro teacher trainees at Fayetteville State University (N.C.) during the early sixties. The students' perceptions of themselves in relation to institutional press (administrative policies, academic regulations, social rules, and their concomitants) were seen as the crucial determinants of behavior. The 296 subjects were students of both sexes randomly selected from all four undergraduate classes. Ss were administered the Stern Activities (AI) index, which measures personal needs of college students, and College Characteristics (CCI) index, which measures college press. Each instrument includes 10 items on each of 30 need-press scales. Responses were statistically computed in terms of 1) distance coefficients to ascertain congruence of dissonance between personal needs and college press; 2) phi-coefficients to show the relationship between honor point averages, sex, and college classification; 3) means and sigmas of the Fayetteville and Stern study groups for comparative purposes, and 4) factor and item analyses to ascertain the basic need-press profiles of the Fayetteville study group. Major findings revealed that need-press patterns tended to be dissonant, i.e., these students do not find the kinds of experiences in their college environment that are consonant with their personal needs. (Specific findings and recommendations for change are included.) (JS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: College Characteristics Index (Stern and Pace); Stern Activities Index
Note: Paper presented at annual meeting, AERA, Minneapolis, 1970