ERIC Number: ED040842
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Development of New Techniques to Identify Types of Reading Difficulties. Final Report.
Wiener, Morton; Cromer, Ward
The applicability of a proposed category system for identifying different types of poor readers in grade 7 was investigated. Three variables were used: vocabulary level, degree of consensual response to meaning, and response to organization when it was added to the reading material. Systematically combining the three levels of response produced eight categories of subjects who showed reading comprehension difficulty. The eight categories were (1) overall reading skill deficient; (2) language deficient; (3) idiosyncratic responder; (4) nonorganizer; (5) language deficient and nonorganizer; (6) idiosyncratic responder and nonorganizer; (7) skill deficient, language deficient, and nonorganizer; and (8) no apparent difficulty. The model was applied to selected and matched good and poor readers, and 40 of the 48 subjects could be categorized adequately. Two subsidiary studies, involving 26 boys and 22 girls representing good and poor readers in grade 5, were also reported. Results indicated that nonorganization of the language input contributed to comprehension difficulties of poor readers. Contextual information did not aid poor readers, while good readers used this information to correct identification errors. Tables and references are included. (WB/Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Clark Univ., Worcester, MA.