ERIC Number: ED040349
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: N/A
Planned Change in Agrarian Countries.
Niehoff, Arthur H.
The report provides operationally relevant concepts and guidelines for persons responsible for planning and implementing development projects in agrarian countries. A framework for describing or evaluating the conduct of development projects is proposed, and applied to the results of an analysis of 203 case studies of past projects. Influences, conditions, and techniques which appear to affect project outcome are (1) local cultural characteristics, such as leader patterns, social structure, and economic patterns; (2) motivation for change, including felt needs and perceived practical benefits; and (3) project strategies, such as the innovator's image characteristics, communication, and participation. The case study analysis suggests that factors of special importance to success in development projects are cooperation of local leaders, degree and immediacy of practical benefits which recipients anticipate, innovator skill in communication processes, participation of recipients in implementing the change, and establishing arrangements for maintenance of the innovation by the local people. (Author/NL)
Descriptors: Agriculture, Case Studies, Change Agents, Communication (Thought Transfer), Community Development, Concept Formation, Cultural Influences, Developing Nations, Guidelines, Innovation, Motivation, Needs, Participation, Rural Areas, Social Change
Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information, Springfield, Va. 22151 (AD-701-167, MF $0.65, HC $3.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Human Resources Research Organization, Alexandria, VA.