ERIC Number: ED040283
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Dec
Reference Count: 0
On the Evolution of Manpower Statistics. Studies in Employment and Unemployment.
Morton, J. E.
To determine requirements of a statistical information system for meeting projected manpower requirements of the 1970's and 1980's, a historical review was made of manpower developments and problems in Europe and the United States. By the 1950's the importance of adequate manpower and labor force information in the United States had been established, but efficacy of the information was not studied until 1961 when a federal committee was appointed to appraise employment and unemployment statistics. In the early 1960's the manpower information emphasis began to shift from improvement and expansion of data input to efficient management of data output. Factors responsible for this emphasis shift were: (1) rapid expansion of "active manpower policy" legislation, (2) increasing heterogenity of manpower statistics sources, (3) interdisciplinary aspects, (4) introduction of planning, programing, and budgeting systems, and (5) labor market mechanisms. Information systems have been developed, but most are directed to the internal labor market of companies and government agencies. Only a few are nationwide, and these are limited to specialized and selected manpower groups. A more comprehensive nationwide data storage-retrieval system is feasible, but there are certain ethical and technological problems requiring solutions. (SB)
Descriptors: Data Collection, Information Retrieval, Information Storage, Information Systems, Input Output, Labor Force, Labor Force Development, Labor Needs, National Programs
The W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 1101 Seventeenth Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Upjohn (W.E.) Inst. for Employment Research, Kalamazoo, MI.