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ERIC Number: ED040240
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Mar
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Family Interaction, Achievement-Values and Motivation as Related to School Dropouts.
Crawford, Douglas G.
Whether or not a student drops out of school is partly determined by his achievement orientation, two components of which (achievement motivation and achievement-related values) have their antecendents in the family. A stratified random sample by father's occupation was made of families of secondary school male graduates and dropouts in Ontario. Visits to the home were conducted by one experimenter who followed a systematic routine. Each session required about two to three hours in order to gather the sets of data which consisted of: questionnaires; five stories written by each boy in response to five Thematic Apperception Test-like pictures which were used to obtain a measure of achievement motivation; and, a tape-recorded discussion between the mother-father-son over issues about which participants had indicated opinion differences in response to the questionnaire. It was concluded that the more highly educated mothers of the graduates may have been able to establish for their sons optimum conditions for inculcating both achievement motivation and achievement-related values. It is suggested that there is a need for studies that will make operational the intervening linkages between family structure, adolescent personality, and school behavior postulated in this study. (JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Canada
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Minneapolis, Minn., March 1970