ERIC Number: ED040134
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: 0
Mexican Americans: A Brief Look at Their History.
This short survey begins with a definition of the Mexican American and some of the questions asked by the general public about his culture and aims. It outlines the history of the United States' involvement with Mexico and explains the experience of the Mexican Americans after the end of the Mexican War in 1848. Their ethnic origins and the rich cultural backgrounds of both Mexico and Spain are described, as well as the Spanish settlement of the Southwest and California. The widespread disregard for the provisions of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which called for the free enjoyment of liberty, property, and religion, and the U.S. settlement of the West in the goldrush led to their being downgraded as citizens by means of new land registry laws and legal systems, the requirement of literacy in English as a voting qualification, and an Anglo-dominated school system. The employment of immigrant day-laborers along the border and the prevelance of Spanish-language newspapers, movies, and radio programs have hindered the equal acceptance of Mexican Americans. The present Chicano movement is doing much to advance the recognition of their cultural values and to encourage a movement toward social justice, but it is still uncertain whether they will ultimately choose assimilation or biculturalism. (MBM)
Descriptors: Biculturalism, Civil Rights, Cultural Background, Disadvantaged, Latin American Culture, Mexican American History, Mexican Americans, Racial Differences, Voting Rights
Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith, 315 Lexington Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10016 ($0.75)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: B'nai B'rith, New York, NY. Anti-Defamation League.