ERIC Number: ED039617
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Dec
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Deep Structure Variations in Sentences: Free Recall and Paired Associate Learning.
Davidson, Robert E.; Dollinger, Laurel E.
The deep structure description of a sentence marks the actual grammatical relationships that exist among the words. It is in the deep structure that "meaning" is rendered. Two sentences that are marked differently in deep structure might give rise to the same description in surface structure. Three experiments examined the "psychological reality" of deep structure variations for sentences of the language. Analyses of a variety of dependent variables from a variety of experimental paradigms with two different populations suggested that deep structure variations produce differential effects in learning and recall. Two experiments with university students using free recall and cued recall paradigms indicated that transitional error probabilities could detect different recall patterns reflecting the deep structure variations. A third experiment with second grade children revealed that relatively greater facilitation of learning characterized sentences where an integral subject-object relationship could be specified between the paired items in some deep structure form. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.