ERIC Number: ED039611
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Basic Studies of Learning Hierarchies in School Subjects. Final Report.
Gagne, Robert M.
This study explores three areas of learning hierarchies: (1) the condition for learning in accordance with learning hierarchies; (2) the use of hierarchies in the diagnosis and learning of prerequisite intellectual skills; and (3) the conditions of learning and retention of principles. There were seven studies undertaken using elementary and secondary school students as subjects. Results indicated: (1) overlearning was not shown to facilitate either achievement or transfer; (2) learning of subordinate skills produces marked positive transfer in learning of complex problem solving tasks; (3) comparing and contrasting tasks are affected by the attainment of subordinate skills; (4) measuring performance on subordinate tasks gives direction for obtaining tryouts and revisions of materials for instruction; (5) retention of concrete rules is 20 per cent after three days; (6) interference operates in determining retention; and (7) the superordinate context cue has a major effect in retrieval. (Author/EK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Berkeley.