ERIC Number: ED038763
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: 0
Vocational Education: PROJECT DESIGN. Educational Needs, Fresno, 1968, Number 24.
Toews, Emil O.
Vocational educational needs at the secondary level in the Fresno City Unified School District are evaluated as part of PROJECT DESIGN, funded under ESEA Title III. The main sources of information used in the study were reports of the city and county of Fresno; conferences with school administrators, supervisors, teachers, and students; and a review of curriculum guides for industrial arts and vocational subjects that are used in the Fresno schools. A matrix of educational needs was established by the study and the following major findings were reported: (1) A lack of articulation between departments and between school levels, especially in vocational education, exists in the school system. (2) The total educational program lacks flexibility for innovation by teachers. (3) More attention must be given to the problems caused by de facto segregation in the school system. (4) Vocational counseling must be upgraded through better preparation of counselors. (5) Classroom teachers should be given a larger role in decision making. (6) Finally, vocational education must be viewed as a method of instruction and of learning as opposed to preparation for some specific employment. (LN)
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Bibliographies, Educational Needs, Learning Processes, Parent Role, Program Evaluation, Secondary Schools, Teacher Role, Vocational Education
Fresno City Unified School District, Calif 93707
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Elementary and Secondary Education (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Fresno City Unified School District, CA.
Identifiers: California (Fresno); Elementary Secondary Education Act Title III