ERIC Number: ED038694
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Reference Count: 0
Semantic Effects in Transfer.
Davidson, Robert E.; And Others
Eighty sixth-grade subjects, split into five independent groups, learned two PA lists of 12 noun pairs each. Two groups performed under traditional transfer conditions with lists conforming to a negative transfer paradigm, A-B, A-C, or to a reference paradigm A-B, C-D. Two other groups learned the same lists under a syntactic PA method where the pairs were embedded in sentences. A fifth group performed in an A-B, A(S)-C paradigm where the items of A-B, A-C were embedded in sentences that changed the meaning of the stimulus terms. The results showed that negative transfer is significantly reduced when items are placed in sentences. Also, the specific effects associated with A-B, A(S)-C showed marked negative transfer on the first trial of list two learning. (Author)
Descriptors: Association Measures, Association (Psychology), Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Measurement, Cognitive Processes, Learning Theories, Paired Associate Learning, Pupil Personnel Services, Verbal Ability, Verbal Development, Verbal Learning
Robert E. Davidson, Wisconsin Research and Development Center, 1404 Regent Street, Madison, Wisconsin 53706
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.