ERIC Number: ED038687
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Egocentrism in Children: Its Generality and Correlates. Head Start Evaluation and Research Center.
Shantz, Carolyn U.
The construct of egocentrism within Piaget's theory of intellectual development was evaluated as to its convergent, discriminant, and predictive validity within the concrete-operational stage. A total of eighty Negro children drawn from grades one through four in low and middle socioeconomic level schools, were tested individually on a total of six tests. It was hypothesized that there is a high correlation among three types of egocentrism tasks: space, communication, and role-taking (convergent validity), and a similar relation exists between each task and "decentering" ability. It was further predicted that egocentric performance is not related to oral reading ability (discriminant validity), but is related to two peer-status variables of popularity and leadership (predictive validity). Individual differences associated with egocentrism were also explored. None of the major hypotheses were fully supported in preliminary analyses. The correlations among the three egocentrism tasks in the total sample were negligible. Egocentric performance does not vary significantly as a function of sex, socioeconomic status, or intelligence. With one exception, egocentrism is significantly but only moderately related to chronological age and mental age. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Head Start Evaluation and Research Center.; Merrill-Palmer Inst., Detroit, MI.