ERIC Number: ED038662
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Mar-2
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Need for Approval and General Anxiety on Divergent Thinking Scores.
Rosenblum, Neil D.; And Others
The study deals with the motivational characteristics which relate to divergent thinking and tests three hypotheses: no significant difference with regard to their fluency, flexibility, originality or combined divergent thinking scores exists between children with (1) high and low need for approval, (2) high and low anxiety, and (3) approval needs and anxiety. 11th and 12th grade students were administered a series of psychological tests measuring need for approval, anxiety, and divergent thinking using the Social Desirability Scale, Sarason's General Anxiety Scale, and the Consequences and Alternate Uses Tests. The following conclusions were drawn: (1) the hypothesized results were obtained only when originality was used; (2) need for approval was found to be negatively related to originality; (3) the relationship between anxiety and originality approached significance in the direction predicted; (4) the need to measure originality was identified and discussed; and (5) the possibility that anxiety might be curvilinearly related to divergent thinking was suggested. (Author/MC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Educational Research Association, Washington, DC.; Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN.
Note: Paper presented at American Educational Research Association Convention, Minneapolis, Minnesota, March 2-6, 1970