ERIC Number: ED038547
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Guidance in an Urban Setting. ERIC-IRCD Urban Disadvantaged Series, Number 15.
Gordon, Edmund W.
This paper describes and categorizes the characteristics of disadvantaged urban children with behavior disorders which may have some deleterious effect on their learning, and discusses the several kinds of activities which a comprehensive program of guidance for such children would entail for a specialist in guidance services. The relevant characteristics are: contradictory attitudes toward self; higher incidence of utilitarian or materialistic attitudes than in more privileged groups; low level of aspiration or motivation in relation to academics as well as to some social norms; differences in learning styles, modes of perception, perceptual habits, and temperamental traits; and, hypermobility, family instability, distorted model relationships, economic insufficiency, housing inadequacy, repeated subjugation to discriminatory treatment, and similar socio-cultural patterns in the life of these children. The areas of activity considered important for an effective guidance program are: appraisal, a qualitative rather than quantitative analysis of individual functioning and environment; prescription, the planning and design of appropriate learning experiences; support, for development and learning; orientation and interpretation; socialization and politicalization; pupil advocacy, the protection of the best interests of the pupil; and, counseling relative to role choice and implementation. (RJ)
Descriptors: Aspiration, Behavior Problems, Counseling, Counselor Role, Disadvantaged Youth, Environmental Influences, Financial Support, Guidance Objectives, Guidance Programs, Individual Characteristics, Learning Experience, Learning Processes, Perceptual Development, Program Design, Program Development, Program Effectiveness, Socialization, Sociocultural Patterns, Student Characteristics, Urban Areas
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, New York, NY.
Note: Paper presented at the Seventh Annual Work Conference on Urban Education, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, N.Y., June 1969