ERIC Number: ED038437
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: 0
Influence of College Experience on Intelligence Quotients of Negro Students.
Buszek, Beatrice R.; Mitchell, Blythe C.
This study was designed to determine what happens to the intelligence quotient of freshman students during their enrollment at a private Negro college. The Otis Quick-Scoring Mental Ability Test, Gamma Em, was administered to 822 students from a population of approximately 2,000 in their freshman year at Hampton Institue, Hampton, Virginia. The Institute is a private, predominantly Negro, nonsectarian, co-educational, liberal arts college. A sample of these students were retested in their sophomore, junior, and senior years. Because of the relatively small number of gains, there did not appear to be an adequate basis for concluding that college years had a significant impact upon the intelligence quotient of these students. Findings were inconclusive as two prime variables, test practices and socioeconomic influences, were not accounted for. The findings are also held to be unexplainable without further investigation. Suggestions for further study include the effects of self-concept, frustration, paternalistic college environment, home and religious influences, and segregation upon test performance. Tables of test scores and results are provided. (RJ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Hampton Institute VA; Otis Quick Scoring Mental Ability Tests; Scholastic Aptitude Test; Virginia