ERIC Number: ED038187
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Mar-2
Reference Count: 0
A Discussion of Research Aims and Strategies for Studying Education in the Inner-City (A Critique of Non-Participant Observations). Preliminary Draft.
The objective of naturalistic observations conducted in schools and homes in the inner city was to relate teacher expectation to pupil behavior. Following kindergarten observations, selected black children predicted as potentially successful and black children predicted as poor achievers were observed in their homes along with their mothers. This report is a critique of the research methods employed in the study. It suggests that natural observation is particularly suited to white middle class participants. For a minority group subculture, however, the concept of a "uni-cultural" view of American families does not apply. The alternative offered is an anthropological approach, in which the observer assumes an activist position to develop an honest reciprocal relationship with the subjects. For the purposes of curriculum guides and teacher training, an attempt should be made to eliminate middle class biases and stereotypes when studying black children's learning patterns. The behaviors of poor black children at home and in school differ from those of middle class white children. Their educational needs are also different. The concepts of age, status, sex, and communication factors are discussed as they apply to these differences. The appendix offers a selection of tape-recorded data that illustrate the content of black children's verbalizations and themes. (DR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO. Dept. of Anthropology.
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Minneapolis, Minnesota, March 2-6, 1970