ERIC Number: ED038086
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Mar-2
Reference Count: 0
Commentary: How Should Higher Education Be Financed?
Bowen, William G.
This paper is a criticism of "Finance and the Aims of American Higher Education" by Howard R. Bowen (HE001412). Veering toward "free education" is inconsistent with ordinary notions of equity because: (1) the purely private benefits of higher education accruing directly to the individual are substantially greater than all costs incurred, and (2) individuals who attend college, as a group, come disproportionally from upper income families. A policy of high tuition, even higher than actual costs, for those who can afford it and substantial aid to those who can't would be more equitable. A low tuition policy may also adversely affect an institution's ability to maintain academic freedom and determine its own programs, because of its increasing dependence on the action of legislators. Pressures on governmental budgets are increasing at all levels and there is little likelihood that there will be a substantial increase in governmental support. Income from tuition will be essential to cover widening educational opportunities and instructional costs which, otherwise, will continue to exclude many individuals with real economic need from higher education. High tuition and high student aid are complementary. (AF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Association for Higher Education, Washington, DC.
Note: Paper presented at the 25th national conference of the American Association for Higher Education, Chicago, Ill., March 2, 1970