ERIC Number: ED038051
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964
Reference Count: 0
The Prediction of Success in Intensive Foreign Language Training.
Carroll, John B.
After a review of the problem of predicting foreign language success, this booklet describes the development, refinement, and validation of a battery of psychological tests, some involving tape-recorded auditory stimuli, for predicting rate of progress in learning a foreign language. Although the battery was developed for more general application in high schools and colleges, this article focuses on the results obtained in a variety of "intensive" or semi-intensive foreign language courses in a variety of Western and non-Western languages, mainly under governmental auspices, as in the Air Force or at the Foreign Service Institute. Validity coefficients for the tests often reached high levels, with multiple correlations as high as .84. Results suggest there are at least four main components of foreign language aptitude: phonetic coding ability, grammatical sensitivity, rote memory for foreign language materials, and inductive language learning ability. Aptitude is general over different languages, and the tests offer diagnostic possibilities. Results are interpreted in terms of a model that depicts relations among aptitude, ability to understand instruction, motivation, time allowed for learning, and quality of instruction. An appendix of test descriptions and a list of references accompany the text. (Author)
Descriptors: Aptitude Tests, Bibliographies, Diagnostic Tests, Educational Testing, Graphs, Intensive Language Courses, Language Ability, Language Instruction, Languages, Learning Problems, Predictive Measurement, Prognostic Tests, Research Reviews (Publications), Second Language Learning, Statistical Data, Tables (Data), Test Validity
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Reprint from Training Research and Education, Chapter 4, p 87-136, University of Pittsburgh Press, 1962