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ERIC Number: ED036787
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Dec
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Implicational Scales and Sociolinguistic Linearity.
DeCamp, David
The writer introduces the idea of sociolinguistic competence, the ability of a speaker to produce and recognize an infinite number of inter-idiolectal code switches, and discusses two methods of dealing with such language variations: frequency analysis and implicational analysis. In frequency analysis, the method used by sociolinguists such as Labov and Wolfram, the linguistic data are correlated to non-linguistic data, resulting in a statement of the frequency with which a given linguistic form appears in a given non-linguistic context. Frequency analysis, in generalizing the empirical description of a corpus, deals with linguistic performance. Implicational analysis, on the other hand, "attempts not to describe a set of speech acts but to model the idealized competence of the persons involved in those speech acts." Variations are explained by a set of conditional statements of the form: If F1, then F2; if F2, then F3, etc. Implicational analysis is preferred to sociolinguistic work because implicational scales, having been structured without reference to non-linguistic data, permit the correlation of socio-economic and other contextual data to linguistic variation, continuously and without circularity of argument. The significance of the linearity of implicational scales and their place in a generative grammar are also discussed. (FWB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Frequency Analysis; Implicational Analysis
Note: Revised version of a paper presented at the 44th annual meeting of the Linguistic Society of America, San Francisco, December 1969