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ERIC Number: ED036783
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Sep
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Applied Computational Linguistics.
Hays, David G.
Much work in computational linguistics, e.g. the preparation of concordances and text files, has dealt strictly with the surface of language, treating it as nothing more than strings of characters or phonemes. The "classical" scheme, developed as a result of dissatisfaction with the inability of such surface systems to deal with problems such as ambiguity, consists of surface processing, syntactic processing and semantic processing, with the object of obtaining an expression for the content of the input text; work with programming systems for generation of sentences with transformational grammar is representative of this tradition. It must be recognized, however, that the essential characteristic of language is its connection with information and that language is the external manifestation of the human capacity to process symbols in such ways that information is retained. This capacity should be the object of linguistics, and rules of grammar should describe those "action patterns" which underlie human symbol processing. Recent work in applied computational linguistics recognizes the importance of this conception and should therefore lead to wider computer applications, perhaps even to real man-machine conversations and the concomitant use of the computer as an imaginative consultant for a wide range of problems. (FWB)
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Note: Paper delivered at the International Conference Congress of Applied Linguistics, Cambridge, England, September 1969