ERIC Number: ED036501
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: 0
Linguistics for the Elementary Teacher.
Hughes, Anne E.
In a study of the language behavior of "Head Start" preschool children, their parents, and their teachers, researchers taped and analyzed the phonology, grammar, and vocabulary of these three groups and then interviewed the teachers to determine their concepts of the children's and parent's language difficulties. Teachers recognized such problems as deletion of final consonant stops (/d/ and /t/) and the use of double negatives, but failed to recognize the language system of lower socioeconomic groups as an alternate, workable means of communication. The study revealed the teachers' naive attitudes toward language and their need for workshop education in language and cultural relativity to develop understanding and respect for different social systems. Such teacher education could then be applied in the classroom, e.g., by the use of "switching devices" in which the prestige dialect is presented as one of many possibilities of expression. A negative or corrective attitude in the teaching of language arts serves merely to inhibit the disadvantaged child and to close off teacher-student communication. (MF)
Descriptors: Communication (Thought Transfer), Disadvantaged Youth, Elementary Education, Grammar, Language Acquisition, Language Instruction, Language Patterns, Phonology, Preschool Children, Social Dialects, Sociolinguistics, Standard Spoken Usage, Student Teacher Relationship, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Education, Teacher Qualifications, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Speech given at the National Council of Teachers of English Annual Convention (Honolulu, 1967)