ERIC Number: ED036416
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Dec-4
Reference Count: N/A
A Hierarchy of Reading Behaviors.
Kingston, Albert J.
Viewing reading as involving a continual inputting of graphic symbols and responses involving varying degrees of comprehension, 10 categories of reading behavior and/or comprehension manifested by mature adult readers were identified. The 10 categories were arranged in order from simple to complex. The validity of the hierarchy was assessed by having 12 advanced doctoral students in reading rank the categories from simple to complex. The rankings of the 12 students were analyzed by Kendall's Concordance Technique which yielded a Spearman RHO Coefficient of .915 (significant at the .01 level). All rankings were identical with the original hierarchy, with the exception of interchanging the order of the categories originally ranked ninth and tenth, critical reading and applied or creative reading. Rankings by classroom teachers and by doctoral students who were not reading specialists yielded nonsignificant coefficients. Implications of the experiment in developing precise terminology in reading, in stimulating theory and research, and as a method of analyzing reading behavior at various levels were discussed. References and the table of hierarchy of reading behaviors are included. (WB)
Descriptors: Creative Reading, Critical Reading, Interpretive Reading, Reading, Reading Comprehension, Reading Development, Reading Habits, Reading Processes, Reading Research, Word Recognition
Nineteenth National Reading Conference Yearbook
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the National Reading Conference, Atlanta, Ga., Dec. 4-6, 1969