ERIC Number: ED036384
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Low-Income Families in the Spanish-Surname Population of the Southwest.
Leonard, Olen E.; Johnson, Helen W.
The purpose of this report was to identify characteristics of Spanish-surname families in the southwestern United States and to relate these characteristics to their social and economic problems. The data for the report were derived from the Special Census Report for 1950 and 1960. Results of the analyses indicated that the Spanish-surname population had higher mobility and higher fertility rates than other white populations of the Southwest. In addition, over one-half of the rural Spanish-surname families and one-third of the urban families had incomes of less than $3,000 in 1959. However, the proportions of the Spanish-surname labor force in professional, clerical, crafts, and service occupations increased, and the proportions in farm and nonfarm labor declined between 1950 and 1960. Educational achievement improved between 1950 and 1960 but remained below the national median. Cultural factors contributing to the disadvantaged position of the Spanish-surname population were use of Spanish as the primary language and continued cultural isolation from Anglo society. (TL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC.