ERIC Number: ED036314
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Logical Inference in Discrimination Learning of Young Children. Report from the Rule Learning Project.
Fletcher, Harold J.; Garske, John P.
Ten kindergarten and 46 first grade children were given two-choice object discrimination problems, during which a prompt indicated the positive (rewarded) object, P. Guided by the prompt, all Ss subjects displaced P and therefore observed only its reward value; no direct observation was made of the reward value of the negative (nonrewarded) object, N. On test trials, a new object, X, was substituted for P and paired with N. The performance of both groups was significantly above chance on these X + N test trials. Control conditions and confirming verbal data allowed the conclusion that these Ss subjects had logically inferred the negative value of N while displacing only P during prompted trials and were therefore appropriately avoiding N on the test trial. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Cooperative Research Program.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.