ERIC Number: ED036001
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Minimal Brain Damage in Children. Final Report.
Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL.
Seven psychoeducational tests were administered to 2,767 third and fourth graders to screen for underachievers who were then intensively studied through psychoeducational techniques and given opthalmological, neurological, and electroencephalographic examinations. The results were that 15% were defined as underachievers (fail was below learning quotient of 90) and half of these had a learning disability. The learning disability group were inferior to all groups in verbal tests and language skills; their processes of organizing experience appeared different; and their social maturity was below average. These children showed no greater incidence of visual defects indicating a need to emphasize behavioral and medical aspects in remediation. Some children with deficits in learning showed dysfunctions of the brain again indicating the need for medical diagnosis and attention. There were indications that the underachievers showed more signs of neurological disturbance which suggested a relationship between these disturbances and learning deficiencies. Teacher ratings on the basis of the pupil rating scale used were found to be of critical usefulness. Extensive tables of results are included. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Diagnosis, Electroencephalography, Evaluation Criteria, Exceptional Child Research, Learning Disabilities, Medical Evaluation, Minimal Brain Dysfunction, Neurological Impairments, Psychoeducational Methods, Screening Tests, Statistical Data, Student Evaluation, Test Results, Testing
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Health Services and Mental Health Administration (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL.