ERIC Number: ED035985
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: N/A
Curricular and Fiscal Planning with Planning, Programming, Budgeting Systems. Special Monograph No. 2.
Mansergh, Gerald G., Ed.
Planning-Programing-Budgeting systems (PPBS) provide the means for formulating more precise curricular objectives and coordinating curricular-fiscal planning within education. At the core of PPBS is the program budget that reports programs to be accomplished and allocates expenditures in terms of objectives relating to student achievement rather than in terms of objects to be purchased. The program structure can be based on four basic approaches: (1) Subject matter, based on curricular programs; (2) grade level, reflecting grade level groupings; (3) operating unit, focusing on individual schools; and (4) a hybrid approach that combines 1 and 2. The first phase of PPBS concerns the movement from planning to programing. It should include a clear statement of the school district's philosophy, a definite program format, and educational objectives. The second phase concerns the transition from programing to budgeting. The output of the first phase consists of dollar figures for both a program's expenditures and benefits. The budget makers verify these estimates and, with figures on total revenues, can provide information about the feasibility of all programs. (LN)
Descriptors: Bibliographies, Curriculum Development, Educational Economics, Fiscal Capacity, Guides, Planning, Program Budgeting, Program Descriptions, Program Development, Systems Approach, Workshops
Metropolitan Detroit Bureau of School Studies, Inc., Fairmont Building, Wayne State Univ., 680 Merrick St., Detroit, Mich. 48202 ($1.50 member, quantity disc.)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Metropolitan Detroit Bureau of School Studies, Inc., MI.
Identifiers: Planning Programming Budgeting System; PPBS
Note: Content reflects tone of PPBS Workshop at Waldenwoods Conference Center (Hartland, Michigan, May 1-2, 1969)