ERIC Number: ED035962
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Variables Related to the Identification of Underachievers. Final Report.
Ellis, Jenny R.
The purpose of this study was to investigate interrelationships among methods of selecting underachievers. Subjects were white male sixth grades. Separate analyses were made for four samples: (1) random sample of 100 students, (2) sample of 50 students with IQ's below 90, (3) sample of 50 students with IQ's from 90 through 110, and (4) sample of 50 students with IQ's above 110. Instruments used were the: (1) Lorge-Thorndike Intelligence Tests, (2) Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, (3) Stanford Achievement Test, and (4) Wide Range Achievement Test. The primary conclusion was that even within a single classification of operational definitions of underachievement, selection as an underachiever was not equally probable for methods using different measures or criteria to establish academic aptitude and academic performance. Recommendations were: (1) to explore interrelationships among selected discrepancy methods of selecting overachievers, (2) to direct research to the role of group intelligence tests, (3) to investigate the validity of factors in five parts of the Jastak procedure, (4) to investigate the use of a median split to obtain scores representing negative self-concept, and (5) to investigate measures of self-perception and methods of selecting underachievers. (EK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Charlotte-Mecklenburg Public Schools, Charlotte, NC.; North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill.