ERIC Number: ED035922
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Nov-8
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of the Teacher and Three Different Classroom Approaches on Seventh Grade Students' Knowledge, Attitudes and Beliefs About Smoking.
Irwin, Robert P.
The premise, that cigarette smoking is hazardous to health, is the basis of this study. The purpose of the study was to cause a shift in behavior from the "presmoker" or "smoking experimenter" toward the "nonsmoker" rather than the smoker. The general concept, the cigarette smoking habit is a health hazard of sufficient importance for youth to resist the pressure to smoke, was used to develop a unit in smoking for seventh graders. A pilot study was conducted using a five lesson unit on smoking education. Three different approaches were used: (1) the individual approach, (2) the peer-led approach, and (3) the teacher led approach. Teacher preparation was also tested, a regular classroom teacher as opposed to one having been trained in smoking education. A total of 575 seventh grade students participated. Results indicate (1) the teacher led approach appeared to be most effective in situations where good discussion was possible, peer-led was more effective in smaller size classes; (2) regular classroom teachers were more effective; (3) girls made a more significant change toward non-smoking than boys; and (4) in general, the five lesson experimental education unity changed attitudes and beliefs about smoking. (SK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Public Health Service (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Champaign. Dept. of Health and Safety Education.; American School Health Association, Kent, OH.
Note: Paper presented at American School Health Association Convention, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, November 8, 1969