ERIC Number: ED035898
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Attraction and Interpersonal Behavior.
Clore, Gerald L.
This study investigates seating distance and angles of location and orientation in a conversational situation as a function of several variables: attitudinal agreement or disagreement by a stranger, agreeing or disagreeing normative information, and personality variables. Subjects were 52 randomly selected introductory psychology students from the University of Illinois. The personality measures used were the Need Affiliation scale from the Edwards Personal Preference Schedule, the Firo Inclusion Scales, a Social Maladjustment Scale from the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, the Internal-External Control Scale, and an attitude survey. Subjects high in Affiliation or Inclusion sat closer, more to the side, and looked more directly at the stranger. In terms of manipulated self-esteem or uncertainty arousal, when disagreed with by normative information, subjects sat farther away when they went in to meet the stranger than when they had received normative agreement. (EK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southwestern Psychological Association, Austin, TX.
Note: Paper presented at the Southwestern Psychological Association Convention, Austin, Texas, April 17--19, 1969