ERIC Number: ED035799
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: N/A
Black Self-Determination: The Story of the Woodlawn Organization.
Brazier, Arthur M.
The Woodlawn Organization (TWO) is a community organization on the south side of Chicago which grew out of cooperative efforts of clergymen in the area, members of the Greater Woodlawn Pastor's Alliance, in 1959. TWO's approach to community problems, influenced by the thinking of Saul Alinsky, was directly to confront unfair business practices, slum landlords, the University of Chicago's urban renewal program, inadequate school facilities, and similar social problems, thereby marshalling the attention of the news media and the power of public opinion to bring about necessary changes. Attempts to plan a program for the south side's two major youth gangs, the Blackstone Rangers and the Eastside Disciples, brought about considerable hostility from Chicago's police and city government. Despite this opposition, and the formal program's eventual collapse, progress was made in providing the gangs with an opportunity to be a force for peace in the Woodlawn area. The churches played an important role through supporting the efforts of the black community for self-determination. (mf)
Descriptors: Blacks, Church Role, Community Organizations, Community Programs, Disadvantaged Environment, History, Neighborhood Improvement, Police Community Relationship, Racial Relations, Slums, Urban Problems, Urban Renewal, Youth Clubs, Youth Programs
William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., Grand Rapids, Michigan 49502 ($4.95)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Illinois (Chicago); Woodlawn Organization