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ERIC Number: ED035613
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Dogmatic and Non-Dogmatic Leaders on Teachers Attending a Race Relations Seminar.
Carter, Thomas P.; And Others
One of the primary aims of a 6-week experimental inservice institute on race relations was to sensitize participants--i.e., to enable them "to restructure existent attitudes and internalize new ones." A study was designed to determine (1) the degree of attitudinal change which actually occurred (as indicated by the Rokeach Scale of Dogmatism, a measure of open- and closed-mindedness in both participants and group-leaders), and (2) the factors (particularly the attitudes of group leaders) which may have influenced whatever change occurred in either direction. Results of the study indicate that "the increasingly popular use of 'sensitivity training' and its techniques of behavior modification are not accompanied by concomitant enthusiastic change in the participants. While it is true that some individuals benefit (i.e., become more liberal or understanding), others apparently do not change, and others actually retreat into even more rigid positions." Application of the McNemar Test for the Significance of Change to the response patterns of five groups to five different leaders (since group-leader characteristics was the only factor which seemed to have any impact at all on change) indicated, among other things, that those leaders who were strongest in effecting change, effected changes in both directions. (Author/ES)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Rocky Mountain Pscyhological Association Convention, Albuquerque, N. Mex., May 1969