ERIC Number: ED035511
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Apr-26
Reference Count: 0
The CRAFT Project: Final Report of a Three-Year Project on Teaching Reading to Disadvantaged Urban Negro Children.
Harris, Albert J.; Morrison, Coleman
The reading progress of disadvantaged urban Negro children was investigated over a 3-year period in the Comparing Approaches in First-Grade Teaching with Disadvantaged Children (CRAFT) Project in New York City. Reading was taught by two basic approaches, skills centered and language experience. The former included a basal reader method and a phonovisual method (basal reader and a phonics program). The language experience approach included two variants, a regular language experience method and a language experience audiovisual method. In the original study, 1,141 pupils participated through the first grade, 656 through the second grade, and 1,128 through the third grade. In a replication study 680 pupils participated through the first grade and 402 through the second grade. No third graders were included. The class was used as the statistical unit when appropriate. Significance of difference was tested by analysis of variance and by t-tests. The major finding was that differences in class mean reading scores within each method were much larger than differences between means for the approaches and the methods. Residual effects of the study, recommendations for the future, and references are included. (WB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY.; Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: City Univ. of New York, NY. Div. of Teacher Education.
Note: Paper presented at the International Reading Association conference, Boston, Mass., April 24-27, 1968