ERIC Number: ED035478
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Dec
Reference Count: 0
The French and Non-French in Rural Louisiana. A Study of the Relevance of Ethnic Factors to Rural Development.
Bertrand, Alvin L.; Beale, Calvin L.
Objectives of the study begun in 1960 were (1) to determine the nature and extent of socioeconomic and attitudinal differences between French and non-French ethnic groups in rural Louisiana, giving particular attention to education, income and employment, migration, levels of living, and social participation and (2) to note implications of the findings for groups interested in rural development. The interview sample comprised 648 households (408 in Evangeline Parish; 240 in Pointe Coupee Parish) reflecting 3 types of communities: (1) where French was the predominant language, (2) where English was the main language, and (3) where French and English were used fairly equally. The general level of education in both parishes was low by modern standards. Household heads who preferred to speak French at home averaged significantly fewer years of school. Employed household heads in the French districts were more likely to be farmers than those in mixed or English areas. Both parishes were low-income areas, and French speakers were most often in the low-income group. The French were preponderantly Roman Catholic; the non-French were largely Protestant. The study showed that the process of assimilation was under way at varying speeds and that the French would respond to programs representing economic and educational opportunity. (CM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Anglo Americans, Bilingualism, Blacks, Cultural Influences, Economic Factors, Educational Attitudes, Employment, Family (Sociological Unit), French, Language Role, Occupations, Racial Composition, Religious Factors, Rural Development, Rural Education, Rural Population
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge. Agricultural Experiment Station.