ERIC Number: ED035450
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Jul
Reference Count: 0
A Study of the Influence of Certain Preschool Educational Movements on Contemporary Preschool Practices.
Schmidt, Velma E.
Identified in this dissertation are the major influences on American preschool education: (1) the Froebel kindergarten, (2) the Montessori movement, (3) the Child Study movement, and (4) Project Head Start. Each movement is described according to history, aim, curriculum, materials, and methods. Criteria for each section of the contemporary preschool were identified by analysis and synthesis of opinions of four current authoritative sources in preschool education. The criteria were then compared to the description of each preschool movement to identify its influence. The Froebel kindergarten contributed the view that education is a process of growth and advocated using the method of self-activity through play. The Montessori movement put emphasis on responsibility to be given to children for care of self and environment. The Child Study movement resulted in increased attention to the physical, social, and mental developmental needs of children. Head Start influence can only be predicted, but effective factors may be increased attention to social services, health services, parent and volunteer involvement, and the effort to adapt a program to the needs of a specific group of children. A bibliography and chronology tables of significant developments in preschool movements are included. (DR.)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Nebraska Univ., Lincoln.
Identifiers: Child Study Movement; Froebel (Friedrich); Montessori Method; PROJECT HEAD START