ERIC Number: ED035443
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: N/A
Nurturance, Dependence, and Exploratory Behavior in Prekindergarteners.
Starr, R. H., Jr.
This study examined the relation between exploratory behavior and (1) the experimenter-child relationship, and (2) teacher ratings of dependency and autonomous achievement striving. Subjects were 34 girls and 38 boys randomly selected from two prekindergartens. Experimental conditions consisted of two levels of pre-experimental social interaction with the experimenter (nurturant and non-nurturant), three sets of instructions, and three materials designed to elicit exploration. Each subject was given three trials, each time using a different material and instruction. Subjects were scored for presence or absence of certain behaviors during their trials. Teachers rated subjects dependency and autonomuous achievement striving on Beller's (1955) rating scales. Results showed that social interaction influenced orientation and verbalization more than total exploration or residual responding. While social orientation (to experimenter) decreased over trials, nonsocial responding was constant across trials. Instructions influenced material exploration and residual responding, but not social orientation. The nurturant interaction fostered dependent behavior. Independence, as measured by autonomous achievement striving, is unrelated to exploratory behavior. (MH)
Descriptors: Behavioral Science Research, Interaction, Preschool Children, Social Development, Social Relations, Socialization, Spontaneous Behavior
American Psychological Association, 1201 17th Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036 (Division 7, $1.50)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.
Note: Paper is reprinted from the "Proceedings, 77th Annual Convention, APA, 1969," Division 7 which contains 30 pages, 16 presentations