ERIC Number: ED035385
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Dec
Reference Count: 0
An Analytical Study of Selected Contemporary American Choral Compositions and the Implications for Teaching Methods of Reading Music. Final Report.
Brigham Young Univ., Provo, UT.
The objectives of this study were to identify specific performance demands of choral literature written by contemporary American composers, to relate these demands to the skills and knowledge required to learn this music, and to formulate teaching procedures that lead to successful performance. The compositions used, William Schuman's "The Last Invocation", Dello Joio's "Jubilant Song", and Barber's "Reincarnations", require special perceptual skills and present many learning problems because of their pitch, harmonic and rhythmic features. Seventy members of an A Cappella Choir were randomly divided into control and experimental groups; both of them briefly examined the scores, recorded the three numbers, and had eight rehearsals with the same conductor. The control group was limited to the score and rote drill procedures; unknown to the singers, warm-up exercises and drills were derived from problems in the music to be learned. The experimental group received the same treatment, but were also exposed to theoretical derivations of the musical problems and cross-referencing to encourage transfer of learning to reoccurrences of the same patterns. Performances were recorded again and evaluated by three choral judges who unanimously decided that the experimental group's post-rehearsal tape was superior in accuracy of pitch, rhythm, and security of singing. It was concluded that planned learning activities based upon analytically-derived problem features of choral music are highly effective in developing the musical accuracy of choral singers. (WM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Brigham Young Univ., Provo, UT.