ERIC Number: ED035277
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Social Reinforcement, Personality and Learning Performance in Cross-Cultural Programmed Instruction.
Symonds, John D.
An Arab Culture Assimilator, basically a branching type of learning program, was administered to forty-seven subjects in two groups involved in a cross-cultural field study in order to determine the differing effects of varied social reinforcement on learning performance. The conditions of reinforcement were: correct, positive; incorrect, negative; correct, both negative and positive; incorrect, both negative and positive; and no evaluation. Document differential motivation was felt to explain the discrepancy between the results of the two groups, in one of which negative reinforcement significantly lowered learning performance and in the other raised it. Exhibitionism, intraception, and dominance and, to a lesser degree, achievement and abasement appeared to be related to performance in some social reinforcement conditions, but not in others. It was suggested that a less ipsative measure of personality may be more effective in isolating pertinent personality variables relating to learning performance under different conditions of social evaluation. Tables of results are included. (Author/SH)
Descriptors: Branching, Cross Cultural Training, Evaluation, Feedback, Field Studies, Learning, Learning Laboratories, Learning Processes, Negative Reinforcement, Personality, Positive Reinforcement, Programed Instruction, Programed Tutoring, Reinforcement
Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information, Springfield, Va. 22151 (AD-685 641, MF $.65, HC $3.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Group Effectiveness Research Lab.