ERIC Number: ED035149
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Aug
Reference Count: 0
A Language Development Program for Mentally Retarded Children, Volume I. Final Report.
Guess, Doug; And Others
The utilization of non-professional personnel as language teachers was investigated using forty residents and an equal number of controls who were matched on the variables of CA, IQ, and Language Age (mean CA 13.28 and mean IQ 33). Two former psychiatric aids were trained as language developmentalists by classroom experiences, informal discussions and reading material pertinent to language acquisition. The language aids were provided with appropriate language development materials and supervised by a speech pathologist. A token reinforcement system was used in all classes. Results showed the children attending language classes made significantly greater raw score gains in the Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities than did the control group (CG) over the 18 month period. Significantly greater gains in IQ scores were made by the Language Training Group; their mean pre to post IQ score gains were 3.64 points compared to .22 points for the controls. Results suggested greater use of nonprofessional persons in the education of retarded children, while utilizing professionals as consultants. Lesson plans for this project can be found in EC 004 827. (Author/WW)
Descriptors: Exceptional Child Research, Institutionalized Persons, Intellectual Development, Language Acquisition, Language Instruction, Language Programs, Mental Retardation, Nonprofessional Personnel, Reinforcement, Severe Mental Retardation, Speech Communication, Speech Improvement, Speech Instruction
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Kansas Neurological Inst., Topeka.; Kansas Univ., Lawrence.