ERIC Number: ED035140
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: 0
Structured Exchanges and Childhood Learning: Hyperaggressive Children. Program Activity 12.
Hamblin, Robert L.; Buckholdt, David
Recognizing that punishment for aggression often is noneffective or inadvertently reinforces the aggressive act, the authors discuss an alternative approach and provide an explanation of the exchange theory of aggression. Three classroom experiments, operated with children chosen as the most severe behavior problems in a local school system, are reported. Teachers were initially allowed to teach as they usually would to provide baseline data. Observational reports showed chaotic classrooms with the teachers rewarding aggressive behavior. Token exchange systems were introduced according to the needs of the classroom. Anecdotal records and tables of data showed substantial reduction of hyperactive behavior and destructive acts with a resulting significant increase in attention level and class cooperation. Reversals of the conditions with the return to the baseline, no token exchange environment, showed a return to the original aggressive behavior, however, when the token exchange system for cooperation was reinstated, a significant decrease of aggressive acts resulting in a more productive learning environment was noted. Case studies detail the effects of the exchange system on two pupils and show the effect of restructuring the rewards in token exchange programs which were not immediately effective. (WW)
Descriptors: Aggression, Behavior Change, Behavior Problems, Behavior Theories, Case Studies, Controlled Environment, Emotional Disturbances, Exceptional Child Research, Habit Formation, Hyperactivity, Motivation, Negative Reinforcement, Operant Conditioning, Positive Reinforcement, Reinforcement, Rewards, Social Reinforcement, Teaching Methods, Therapeutic Environment
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: CEMREL, Inc., St. Ann, MO.