ERIC Number: ED034861
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-May
Reference Count: 0
Education for Employment: The Background and Potential of the 1968 Vocational Education Amendments. Policy Papers in Human Resources and Industrial Relations No. 14.
Evans, Rupert N.; And Others
The Vocational Education Amendments of 1968 have the potential for a major breakthrough in all education, vocational and otherwise. The Vocational Education Act of 1963 established broadened objectives and enlarged appropriations but did not tie funds to performance. Lacking that tie, no effective leverage existed to entice federal, state and local vocational educators from the orientation of 1917 to that needed by an advanced technical society. The 1968 act did more than relate appropriations to objectives. It expanded the definition of vocational education and removed some of the narrowing structures which had sharply differentiated vocational from academic education. It insisted upon comprehensive state planning and sought to strengthen the federal leadership role through national and state advisory councils with independent staffs, budgets and authority. Though there are pitfalls in the act's interpretation and administration, it represents a major contribution toward preparing people for employment and substantial leverage toward achieving new objectives. A discussion of the 1968 Report of the Advisory Council on Vocational Education serves as a basis for evaluating the potential of the various thrusts of the 1968 amendments. (DM)
Descriptors: Advisory Committees, Educational Needs, Educational Philosophy, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, History, Labor Force Development, Program Development, Program Effectiveness, Program Improvement, Vocational Education
Institute of Labor and Industrial Relations, University of Michigan-Wayne State University, P.O. Box 1567, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 ($2.50)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Manpower Policy Task Force, Washington, DC.; Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Inst. of Labor and Industrial Relations.
Identifiers: Vocational Education Amendments 1968