ERIC Number: ED034591
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Aug-30
Reference Count: 0
The Simultaneous Rehabilitation of Mothers and Their Children.
Bushell, Don, Jr.; Jacobson, Joan M.
The Juniper Gardens Cooperative Preschool is a Head Start project staffed by the mothers of 30 4- and 5-year-olds who attend the preschool. This paper reports on two studies that attempted to upgrade practices in two teaching skills; classroom management and individual tutoring. The classroom was divided into five activity areas which the children could use freely. However, children switched areas so frequently that there wasn't enough time to offer instruction in any one area. Furthermore, when an academic activity (anagrams) was initiated in one of the areas, the children tended to avoid it. To solve these problems, a rule change was made. Children had to complete a task (similar to the anagram activity) before they could switch areas. Observations showed that, as a result, children switched areas less often and played the anagram game more often. The mothers were deficient in individual tutoring because they too often made negative or irrelevant comments and too seldom made reinforcing or helping comments. Written instructions did little to rectify this situation, but "tele-coaching" over earphones quickly increased the mothers' use of sound learning principles and decreased their use of undesirable tutoring behavior. (MH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.; Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: PROJECT HEAD START
Note: Paper presented at meeting of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco, California, August 30, 1968