ERIC Number: ED034584
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: N/A
Color and Physiognomy as Variables in Racial Misidentification Among Children.
Gitter, A. G.; Satow, Yoichi
This study investigated racial misidentification among children through the manipulation of two independent variables: skin color and physiognomy. Eighty 4- to 6-year-old children enrolled in Head Start Centers made up the sample. Color slides of three dolls each, with each set identical except for color and physiognomy, were used as stimuli material. Male dolls were used with male subjects and female dolls with female subjects. A series of factorial analyses of variance was performed on the data. Using race as the independent variable, blacks misidentified significantly more than whites on color discrepancy, physiognomic discrepancy, and verbal racial self-identification. Sex was also significant, with males misidentifying more than females in terms of color discrepancy scores. Age as well as first- and second-order interaction between all of the independent variables were nonsignificant. The findings clearly support the existence of racial misidentification among black children, and reveal that it occurs not only in terms of color, but also in terms of physiognomy. In fact, physiognomy may be a more potent variable than color. (JF)
Descriptors: Physical Characteristics, Preschool Children, Racial Attitudes, Racial Differences, Racial Factors, Racial Identification, Self Concept, Sex Differences, Visual Measures
American Psychological Association, 1201 17th Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20036 (Division 16, $0.50)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.
Note: Paper is reprinted from the "Proceedings, 77th Annual Convention, APA, 1969," Division 16 which contains 6 pages, 4 presentations