ERIC Number: ED034319
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Legal Status (Historical Development, Current Statutes and Court Decisions) of Pupil Transportation in the Public Schools of the United States. Final Report.
Forsythe, Ralph A.
To determine the historical-legal development and current legal status of pupil transportation as practiced in U.S. public schools, State constitutional provisions, State legislation, and court decisions related to pupil transportation are analyzed. Legal constraints affecting the following areas of pupil transportation programs are reviewed: (1) Scope and general operational authority, (2) financial authority, (3) State organizational patterns of governance, (4) liability, and (5) district purchasing and contracting authority. The findings indicate a current general consensus of the law with regard to (1) State legislative authority to enact pupil transportation legislation, (2) wide discretion of local boards in program operation, and (3) authority of the local board to purchase equipment and contract for services. Less consensus exists on the legal status of the transportation of nonpublic students, district tort liability, transportation for noneducational uses, and the extent and weight of State agency authority over transportation programs. An annotated list of 90 relevant court decisions and a bibliography of 61 citations are included. [Tables 5-10, 12-16 may be of poor quality in hard copy due to small print.] (JH)
Descriptors: Board of Education Role, Bus Transportation, Constitutional History, Contracts, Court Litigation, Equal Education, Financial Support, History, Legal Problems, Legal Responsibility, Public Schools, Purchasing, School District Reorganization, School Law, State Church Separation, State Legislation, Student Transportation
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Denver Univ., CO.