ERIC Number: ED034230
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Counseling Needs of the Disadvantaged: Changing Counseling Orientations.
Thoreson, Richard W.
The traditional counseling model which has evolved out of experiences with upper and middle class clients and presupposes a person who is verbal, self-insightful and motivated toward increased self understanding is not effective in helping the behaviorally disordered. Although these individuals who are usually poor, culturally deprived and have grossly disordered life styles are unsuitable candidates for traditional therapy, they demonstrate a high need for assistance in changing their circumstances. The current procedure of determining the eligibility of persons for rehabilitation entails the substantiation of a medically demonstrable disability that constitutes a handicap to employment often prevents the behaviorally disordered from obtaining needed help. It is suggested that the definition of disability be broadened to include those handicapped in translating their potential into fulfilling economic and social roles because of developmental deficits. A number of innovative programs have been initiated by governmental agencies which suggest more effective ways of working with this population. Non-professional personnel have been used to meet manpower shortages in vocational rehabilitation, and the outreach concept, whereby professional personnel are out-stationed in poverty areas, has been implemented. (RM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Personnel and Guidance Association, Washington, DC.
Note: Paper presented at convention of American Personnel and Guidance Association, Las Vegas, Nevada, March 30-April 3, 1969