ERIC Number: ED033979
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Oct-20
Reference Count: 0
Racial Imbalance in the Public Schools: The Current Status of Federal and New York Law.
New York State Bar Association, Albany. Committee on Civil Rights.
Reviewed are the New York State Statutes (up to 1964) relevant to school integration and segregation. On the whole, the issue of segregation in New York is defacto rather than dejure, so that racial imbalance stems from discriminatory residential patterns. The document discusses the applicable legal cases under such headings as forbidden discrimination, permissible corrective action, and required corrective action. The general legal principles involved in the question of school integration in New York are simple--school boards are forbidden "to take action designed to segregate schools on the basis of race"; in the absence of discriminatory intent, school officials may take "reasonable corrective action" to reduce racial imbalance, and, moreover, an affirmative duty is emerging whereby officials are required "to alleviate extreme racial imbalance." (NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: New York State Bar Association, Albany. Committee on Civil Rights.
Identifiers: New York