ERIC Number: ED033750
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: 0
Prelude to School: An Evaluation of an Inner-City Preschool Program.
Kraft, Ivor; And Others
The purpose of Howard University's pre-"war on poverty" experiment, operating a 2 year, full day nursery school for disadvantaged 3-year-olds, was to determine whether and to what extent a standard nursery school program in which parents are involved could help children in their later schooling. This booklet gives an overall view of the project, explaining its experimental-control group design, the recruiting and screening of subjects for both groups and the detailed characteristics of children selected and their families. The school description includes personnel, physical setting, curriculum, and health maintenance measures. The adult activities program is also discussed. The results of the pre-posttesting program (Stanford-Binet, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Merrill-Palmer Scale, and the Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities) are given. The lower a child's initial IQ was, the more likely he was to make large gains after nursery school experience indicating that the diversity of intellectual capacity was not as great as the original IQs showed. The children of low socioeconomic status who scored low on the initial IQ test made the most gains during the second year of the program. Language ability, however, remained below average even after the second year. Children in the higher SES made gains during the first year. (MH)
Descriptors: Disadvantaged, Family Characteristics, Intelligence Quotient, Language Skills, Nursery Schools, Parent Participation, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Program Descriptions, Program Evaluation, Socioeconomic Status
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 ($1.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Children's Bureau (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Identifiers: Howard University Preschool Project; Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities; Merrill Palmer Scale Of Mental Tests; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Stanford Binet Intelligence Scale