ERIC Number: ED033468
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Systems Development in Guidance--a Learning-Task-Centered Approach. Final Report.
Banathy, Bela H.; And Others
To develop a systems-oriented model for guidance and counseling at all levels of schooling, a research project was conducted in a California school district, testing the applicability of systems concepts in guidance at the kindergarten and first grade levels. The project report includes a review of literature relating the systems approach to education, a description of the data gathered during observation of kindergarten children's learning experiences through various kinds of social interaction (verbal, kinesthetic, physical), and a series of nine diagrams illustrating the systems approach. A six-phase schematic design (input process, integration, facilitation, transformation, adjustment and control, and output) incorporates the study's findings, based upon the assumption that the instructional program is the primary focus within the educational system around which all functions revolve, including guidance and counseling. (JK)
Descriptors: Bibliographies, Counselor Role, Curriculum Design, Curriculum Development, Educational Objectives, Educational Research, Educational Strategies, Grade 1, Guidance Personnel, Guidance Programs, Individualized Instruction, Input Output, Instructional Programs, Interaction Process Analysis, Kindergarten, Learning Activities, Models, Systems Approach
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Pacific Grove Unified School District, CA.