ERIC Number: ED033248
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Bilingual Readiness in Earliest School Years; A Curriculum Demonstration Project. Bilingual Readiness in Primary Grades; An Early Childhood Demonstration Project. Final Report.
Finocchiaro, Mary; King, Paul F.
These two curriculum demonstration projects on bilingual readiness in the earliest school years contain many similarities. Both were formed on the thesis that young children can and will learn a second language readily and that the urban classroom mixture of Spanish-speaking, English-speaking, and Negro-dialect speaking children can be capitalized on to further bilingual and intercultural development of all groups. The objectives of the projects were to (1) foster bilingual development in children at a prime readiness age (4 to 8), (2) promote positive attitudes among native English speakers toward the language and culture of other groups, and (3) enhance the self-concept and pride in heritage of children speaking Spanish while teaching them English. In both studies a Bilingual Specialist met with classes of Kindergarten and 1st grade children 15 to 20 minutes per day. Both English and Spanish were used during these periods. Much of curriculum activity involved listening to stories, story-telling, singing, dramatization, and game playing; however, Finocchiaro took a more group-oriented approach, whereas King's more individualized approach relied on the use of instrumentalization for repetitive reinforcement during the lesson and after the lesson as an aid to the teacher. The Reading Readiness program was also integrated into the King project. Both studies concurred in the conclusion that bilingual readiness can be developed at this age level. (BF)
Descriptors: Acculturation, Bilingual Education, Bilingual Teachers, Blacks, Comparative Analysis, Curriculum Development, Dramatic Play, Early Childhood Education, Group Experience, Instrumentation, Intercultural Programs, Language Experience Approach, Language Programs, Low Income Groups, Middle Class, Multisensory Learning, Parent Attitudes, Spanish, Status Need, Story Reading, Story Telling
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: City Univ. of New York, NY. Hunter Coll.