ERIC Number: ED033157
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Feb
Reference Count: 0
The Self-Concept of Negro and White School Beginners.
Long, Barbara H.
This paper reports two substudies of racial differences on measures of self esteem, social interest or dependency, and identification with particular others. In one study 72 Negro youngsters in a Headstart program were compared with 72 white children, and in another study a biracial sample of 96 children entering first grade was compared. The variable of social class was included in the second study. The measures used were derived from the self-social symbols method in which subjects either draw or paste on a sheet of paper a symbol to represent the self. Negro children were found to have lower self esteem in both samples. On the measure of social interest, the Headstart Negro youngsters more often placed themselves outside the group, while in the first grade group a race by class interaction was found. The Headstart Negro group identified more with mother and teacher, while in the first grade group, the differences were related to class, not race. Social class seems to be salient as a determinant of self esteem, social interest, and patterns of identification in young children of both races. (NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Project Headstart; United States (South)
Note: Paper presented for Symposium: Self-other Orientations of Negro and White Students, annual meeting, American Educational Research Association (Chicago, Ill., February, 1968).