ERIC Number: ED032766
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Communication Satellites for Education and Development--The Case of India. Volume Two.
Schramm, Wilbur; Nelson, Lyle
India, like many developing nations, must soon make a decision about satellite television. National integration, upgrading and extending education, strengthening the vocational and technical components of education, modernizing agriculture, family planning, teaching literacy--the stated goals of the Indian government--could be more easily achieved with a national television network. Capital investment and operating costs for such a program are high; less expensive alternatives should be considered. An adequate technical and personnel base would be necessary for reliable service--which means training programs and industrial modernization if the country is not to be dependent on outside help. A department must be established to control and organize the program. If satellite television is to be employed, the problems of access to satellite technology, coverage area and spillover, and heterogeneity of the viewing audience must be solved. It is probable that, in the case of India, the best way to provide an economical, reliable, national network, with service to the villages, is to move gradually in the direction of a system employing direct television broadcast from a satellite. Appendices include data about Indian demography, education and information systems, and present plans for television. An annotated bibliography is included. (JY)
Descriptors: Communications, Communications Satellites, Community Benefits, Cost Effectiveness, Demography, Developing Nations, Educational Television, Electronic Equipment, Feasibility Studies, Heterogeneous Grouping, Indians, Mass Media, National Programs, Production Techniques, Program Development, Radio, Technical Assistance, Television, Television Research, World Problems
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Agency for International Development (Dept. of State), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. Inst. for Communication Research.
Identifiers: AIR; All India Radio; Indian National Committee on Space Research; National Aeronautics and Space Administration